Kniha proroka Ozeáša
Biblia - Sväté písmo
(CPDV - Anglický - Catholic PD)
Oz 1, 1-11
1 Oz 1, 1 The word of the Lord that came to Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, the son of Joash, king of Israel. 2 Oz 1, 2 The beginning of the Lord’s conversation with Hosea. And the Lord said to Hosea: “Go, take to yourself a wife of fornications, and make for yourself sons of fornications, because, by fornicating, the land will fornicate away from the Lord.” 3 Oz 1, 3 And he went out and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; and she conceived and bore him a son. 4 Oz 1, 4 And the Lord said to him: “Call his name Jezreel because, after a little while, I will visit the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and I will put the kingdom of the house of Israel to rest. 5 Oz 1, 5 And in that day, I will crush the stronghold of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.” 6 Oz 1, 6 And after a while, she conceived and bore a daughter. And he said to him: “Call her name, Without Mercy, for I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, but I will utterly forget them. 7 Oz 1, 7 Yet I will have mercy on the house of Judah, and I will save them by the Lord their God. And I will not save them by bow and sword and battle and horses and horsemen.” 8 Oz 1, 8 And she weaned her, who was called Without Mercy. And she conceived and bore a son. 9 Oz 1, 9 And he said: “Call his name, Not My People, for you are not my people, and I will not be yours. 10 Oz 1, 10 And the number of the sons of Israel will be like the sand of the sea, which is without measure and cannot be numbered. And in the place where it will be said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ this will happen: it will be said to them, ‘You are the sons of the living God.’ 11 Oz 1, 11 And the sons of Judah, and the sons of Israel, will be gathered together. And they will place over themselves one head, and they will rise up from the earth, for great is the day of Jezreel.”
Oz 1, 1-11
And the number of the sons of Israel will be like the sand of the sea, which is without measure and cannot be numbered. And in the place where it will be said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ this will happen: it will be said to them, ‘You are the sons of the living God.’
Gn 32:12 - You did say that you would do well by me, and that you would expand my offspring like the sand of the sea, which, because of its multitude, cannot be numbered.”
Rim 9:25 - just as he says in Hosea: “I will call those who were not my people, ‘my people,’ and she who was not beloved, ‘beloved,’ and she who had not obtained mercy, ‘one who has obtained mercy.’
And the sons of Judah, and the sons of Israel, will be gathered together. And they will place over themselves one head, and they will rise up from the earth, for great is the day of Jezreel.”
Iz 11:13 - And the envy of Ephraim will be taken away, and the enemies of Judah will perish. Ephraim will not be a rival to Judah, and Judah will not fight against Ephraim.
Jer 3:18 - In those days, the house of Judah will go to the house of Israel, and they will come from the land of the north, at the same time, to the land that I gave to your fathers.
Ez 37:16 - “And as for you, son of man, take up a piece of wood for yourself, and write upon it: ‘For Judah, and for the sons of Israel, his companions.’ And take up another piece of wood, and write upon it: ‘For Joseph, the wood of Ephraim, and for the entire house of Israel, and for his companions.’
Ez 37:22 - And I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel, and one king will be ruler over all. And they will no longer be two nations, nor will they be divided any more into two kingdoms.
Ef 2:14 - For he is our peace. He made the two into one, by dissolving the intermediate wall of separation, of opposition, by his flesh,
- O Ozeášovi, o jeho otcovi Bérim a o júdskych a izraelských kráľoch Ozeášovej doby pozri úvod o tomto prorokovi. Oz 1,2
- Pomer Boha k Izraelu zvýrazňuje sa obrazom manželstva; pozri pozn. k Iz 50,1 n. Prorok Ozeáš svojím manželstvom má naznačovať milosrdenstvo Pána, ktorý po prechode cez Červené more na hore Sinaj uzavrel s národom manželskú zmluvu, hoci národ už v Egypte, pred uzavretím zmluvy, páchal modloslužbu. Dietky – Izraeliti – nie sú lepší než ich matka. Smilstvom a cudzoložstvom sa volá modloslužba, lebo touto pácha národ nevernosť k Pánovi. Oz 1,4
- Jezrael bola úrodná rovina na území kmeňa Isachar. Na východnom kraji tejto roviny ležalo mesto toho istého mena (neskoršie sa volalo aj Esdrelon). Tu spáchal Achab a jeho manželka Jezabel hrozný zločin na Nabotovi, preto – podľa proroctva Eliášovho (1 Kr 21) – na tom istom mieste vyhubil Jehu dom Achabov (2 Kr 9,24 – 10,11). Dynastia Jehuova, ktorá v časoch Ozeášových panovala v Severnej ríši, nebola o nič lepšia, preto sa aj jej vina volá vinou Jezraela. Prorok predpovedá zánik Jehuovho domu, čo sa splnilo, keď Selum zavraždil posledného kráľa z toho domu r. 743 (2 Kr 15,10); súčasne však predpovedá aj zánik celej Severnej ríše. Ríša zanikla v 722/21 pr. Kr. – Meno Ozeášovho syna bolo teda symbolické. Oz 1,6-9
- Meno druhého dieťaťa znamená už pre národ stratu Božej lásky, meno tretieho rozviazanie zmluvy, ktorú Boh s Izraelom uzavrel, teda úplné zavrhnutie národa. Predpoveď v. 7, ktorý mnohí pokladajú za neskorší dodatok, splnila sa v r. 701, keď Boh zázračne zachránil Jeruzalem; pozri 2 Kr 19,34; Iz hl. 36 – 37.